VLAN can be roughly defined as a LAN configured by software, not by physical wiring. In a switched LAN, changes in the work-group/LANs mean physical changes in the network configuration. Thus, the whole idea of VLAN technology is to divide a LAN into logical, instead of physical, segments.

Each VLAN represents a unique broadcast domain:

  • Traffic between devices within the same VLAN is switched.
  • Traffic between devices in different VLANs requires a Layer-3 device to communicate. This point is explained within the next pages under the title of Inter-VLAN routing.
  • VLANs separate the devices into different broadcast domain and Layer-3…

Hey, don’t get confused of ‘routing’ and ‘routing protocol’. Routing is the process of selecting a path or route from a source to a destination in a network. Routing protocols are some rules or a set of instructions that are configured on routers, so the routers select the best path or route while sending a message from a source device to a destination device.

Routing Protocols

In order to keep the routers connected to one another, they need to have the routing information of other routers in their routing table. There are two ways of configuring routing protocols on routers in a…

Perform backup and restore operations using Windows Server Backup

Windows Server 2016 includes a backup software program that you can use to back up your volumes to an internal or external hard drive, to a writable DVD drive, or to a network share. Windows Server Backup is designed primarily to create backups of entire server volumes on an external hard disk drive. Thus, many of the more advanced backup software features included in third-party products are absent from Windows Server Backup.

Some of the most important factors that administrators must understand about Windows Server Backup are as follows:

  • Limited Drive…

Many large organizations connect their on-premises network infrastructure to the cloud and interconnect their datacenters. While these interconnections are highly desirable, they can lead to a reduction in network performance. Windows Server 2016 includes a number of features that you can implement to enable and support high-performance networking. These features can help to alleviate performance problems, and include:

  • Network interface card (NIC) teaming and switch embedded teaming (SET)
  • Server Message Block (SMB) 3.1.1
  • New Quality of Service (QoS) options
  • Network packet processing improvements.

This note covers ‘Implementing NIC Teaming and the SET Solution’.

Implement NIC teaming or the SET solution…

It’s a Role on Windows Server that enables Quota and File Screening on shared folders.

Installing FSRM:

Server Manager — Manage — Add Roles and Features — File and Storage Services — File Server Resource Manager.

Applying FSRM:

  1. First, you can create a shared folder from “File and Storage Services” under the dashboard of Server Manager: Go to Shares — click on Task and New Share — select the Profile — select the Location — select the Name and continue to Create it. Or, simply go to your Drives/Volumes and create your Folder. Then share it.
  2. Now go to File…

WDS enables an end user without any technical expertise to start a computer with no operating system and simply select a Windows image to install from a menu. To achieve this, the computer relies on a pre-startup execution environment (PXE) startup process. PXE is a technology that uses Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to locate a specially configured network server during a computer’s startup phase. Therefore, you should have installed DHCP prior to installing WDS.

Introducing Windows Deployment Services:

WDS is a server-based technology for deploying Windows over a network.

PXE enables you to start a computer from a network…

Subjects covered in this summary note:

  • Installing and Configuring Distributed File System (DFS)
  • Managing Files
  • Managing File Security:
  • NTFS File Permissions:
  • Encrypting File System:
  • Sharing Files Protected with EFS:
  • Configuring EFS by Using Group Policy Settings:
  • BitLocker:
  • Sharing Folders:
  • Quotas:
  • Configuring Disk Quotas by Using the Quota Management Console:
  • Configuring Disk Quotas by Using Group Policy:
  • older Sharing:
  • Sharing Folders from Windows Explorer:
  • Distributed File System:
  • Installing DFS:
  • Configuring DFS:
  • Create DFS folders:

Managing Files

When you share some documents on your network, they must remain protected from unauthorized access. To control access, use NTFS file permissions and Encrypting File System (EFS)…

Contents covered in this summary note:

  • Configuring Name Resolution in Windows Server 2016
  • Installation, Configuration and Troubleshooting of DNS Server
  • Install and configure DNS servers:
  • Configure forwarders, root hints, recursion, and delegation
  • Configure forwarders:
  • Configure root hints:
  • Configure recursion:
  • Create and configure DNS zones and records:
  • Creating and configuring zones:
  • Creating Zones:
  • Examining Built-in Resource Records:
  • Aging and Scavenging:
  • Time Stamping:
  • Definitions you need to know:
  • DNS records:
  • How to configure a secondary zone:

Installation, Configuration and Troubleshooting of DNS Server

DNS role in windows server 2016, resolves name to IP and vice versa. As far as Active Directory Domain Services — AD DS can’t work without…

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is the automatic distribution of IP address to the clients in a networking system. In addition to IP, DHCP provides subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS.

First, we should install the DHCP server role. Then configure the scope and options. You can do such tasks following the official guide from the Microsoft books. However, consider the following technical issues:

  1. Go to ‘Virtual Network Editor’ and disable DHCP: click on ‘Change Settings’. You might choose the NAT type. Then uncheck ‘Use local DHCP service to distribute IP address to VMs’. If you don’t disable it, your…

  1. Create a Computer Object as well as a User Object in Active Directory Users and Computers on the server.
  2. Now go to your computer ‘System’ via Control Panel or Properties of My Computer and join it to the domain. You might face a DNS issue, then go to the adapter settings of your computer settings and set its DNS as the IP address of your server.
  3. Then the computer name will automatically get added to the ‘Computer’ Default Container in Active Directory Users and Computers on the server.
  4. Or, if you are creating the Computer Object first, then this name has to match the client's Computer name.

Shir Hussain Tabesh

Data Analyst, Programmer, Network Engineer, Play Football & Bowling

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